The number of domesticated animals are 14.
The animals are goats, sheep, pigs, cows, horses, donkeys, camels, water buffalo's, llamas, rain deer, yaks, mithons, bali cows.
None of these animals are from New Guinea.
South America only has one large domesticated animal which is the llama.
Cows, pigs, sheep, and goats all come from the Middle East.
The people of The Fertile Cresent were geologically blessed. They had alot of domesticated animals and they also had good land to grow crops on such as wheat and barley.
Making plaster from limestone was a huge technological breakthrough.
Places like New Guinea never developed adavanced technology. Even today the technology is the same as it was about 10 centuries ago.
Food Surpluses are having more then enough food to fead people. That was also one of the problems about New Guinea there was not enough food to feed all of the people and they had to work hard to get food to feed the people.
Since the New Guinea people did not have food surpluses they did not have metal tools.
The Middle East was where civilization truly had its very first start.
The Fertile Cresent is in the middle of a huge land mass.
Weather is a huge part of how plants grown and where animals live in.